01 Jun Types of Learning Disability
Learning disabilities refers to processing problems that are neurological. Such problems are known to interfere with rudimentary learning skills for instance reading, math, or writing. In addition learning disabilities can also disrupt higher level skills such as abstract reasoning, time planning, organization, short and long term memory.
Learning disabilities affect just more than an individual’s academic performance and have a negative impact on the person’s relationships with their friends, family and their colleagues at work.
Symptoms of learning disabilities are usually identified during the school years, when a child is trying to read, write and math. Without getting diagnosed for learning disabilities, people go through life never knowing why they have a hard time learning at school or why they have issues in their relationships with their friends and family.
Generally speaking people who have learning disabilities tend to be of average of or above average intelligence. What usually stands out is the difference manifested in the person’s achievements and the individual’s potential. This explains why learning disabilities are also referred to as hidden disabilities.
Below we highlight a few learning disabilities:
Auditory Processing Disorder
This disability is also referred to as the Central Auditory Processing Disorder which is a condition that negatively affects how unimpeded sound travelling through the ear canal is processed then interpreted by the brain.
Individuals who suffer from auditory processing disorder are unable to identify mild differences in how words sound, even when the sounds are audible. Other problems faced by people suffering from APD include the inability to tell where the sound is coming from, block out competing background noises, as well as make sense of the order of sounds.
Dyscalculia is a learning disability that affects an individual’s ability to learn math facts as well as hinders them from understanding numbers. People suffering from this type of learning disability have a poor understanding of math operations and sequences. As younger children they had trouble learning to tell time or know coins, plus they certainly struggled with the times tables.
A specific learning disability that affects an individual’s ability to write including their fine motor skills. One of the signs of dysgraphia include inconsistent writing, illegible handwriting, poor spelling, having a hard time composing in addition to difficulty in writing and thinking at the same time.
This type of learning disability affects related language-based and reading processing skills. The severity of dyslexia varies from one individual to the next and affects decoding, reading fluency, recall, reading comprehension, spelling and can sometimes even affect speech. The definition has changed recently to not just refer to flipped letters and words but the entire reading process.
Language Processing Disorder
This is a particular kind of Auditory Processing Disorder where the individual has a hard time attaching meaning to sound groups in order to form words. Even though auditory processing disorder normally affects the interpretation of all sounds processed in the brain, with Language Processing Disorder only the processing of language is affected.